Klein Verdi

Small Buffalo Grass

(Panicum coloratum)

• Well adapted to heavy, self-mulching, black clay soils
• Tolerates temporary waterlogging and flooding
• Drought tolerant
• A moderate soil salinity tolerance
• Very persistent once established
• Cold tolerant
• High forage quality
• Lower N-requirement than Panicum maximum

Panicum coloratum is a species of grass known by common names like small buffalo grass or klein grass. It is a tufted perennial grass that usually has rhizomes. Its firm, usually erect stems grow up to 1.4m tall. The leaf blades are 10 to 30cm long and has a green to waxy blue-green colour. It is used as a pasture grass and/or to make hay. It produces a large amount of forage for animals and does well in hot and colder climates.


Seed can be broadcasted on the surface or planted in rows at a seeding depth of 1-2 cm. Rolling after planting improves establishment. Rolling before planting to compact the seedbed slightly can be valuable in heavier soils, which have less tendency to crust if rolled prior to broadcasting and then lightly covering the seed. Panicum coloratum is generally slow to establish, competing relatively poorly with weeds and other pasture species during early growth. In warmer environments, early or late season planting is therefore preferred to avoid competition from vigorous mid-season weeds. In cooler subtropical environments where early plantings may encounter competition from spring weeds, it is best to plant when there is the greatest probability of experiencing several consecutive days of rainy weather.

It is mostly used as a pasture, but larger types are suitable for making hay and silage. It grows well with legumes and other grasses but it may be selectively grazed if combined with less palatable species. Its palatability declines as it matures, as with most subtropical grasses. Stoloniferous types are ideal for erosion control.

Seeding rate (uncoated)
Seeding rate (coated)