Blue buffalo Grass

Cenchrus ciliaris

  • Widely adapted to soils
  • Good drought resistance
  • Deep roots


    • Adapted to warm, low rainfall areas in SA
    • Relative good drought resistance – rhizomes to produce more tillers
    • Widely addapted to soils – except light sand
    • Prefer alcaline soils
    • Deep roots - 1 500 mm 
    • Normally for cattle – also sheep, horses, hay making



    • November, February and March
    • 3-6kg/ha
    • Rolling action essential


    Soil preparation

    • Reacts favourably when soils are loosened before the summer rains
    • Heavy soils that cracks during winter needs less loosening than lighter soils
    • Cultivations should not be done in winter – can lead to dying off of grass



    • Grazing normally starts in November – grass 300 mm high
    • Best if grass is lightly grazed or completely eaten down
    • If not, the result would be a mix of new leaves and old stalks - unpalatable
    • Very quick rotation or relative long grazing period
    • Beginning of summer – grass grows faster – difficult to implement grazing systems
    • Recommended to make hay or be rested for winter
    • End of winter – all old material to be removed
    • Keep as leafy as possible
    Subtropical Grasses

    Subtropical (warm season, C4) perennial grasses are traditionally grown in summer rainfall environments. However, they can be successfully grown in the Mediterranean environments due to a combination of drought tolerance and the mild winter conditions...